How to present your literature review 6 writing and presenting literature review-khalid

How to present your literature review, information necessary to...

A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. Prentice Hall, The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material. What should I do before writing the literature review?

Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.

The subsections might include how they are personified, how their proportions are exaggerated, and their behaviors misunderstood. For the sperm whale project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of whales in American, British, and French art work.

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Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Step 5: Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically see below for more information on each. Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Should you evaluate your good hook for tim burton essay But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on whales in the early 18th century.

You've reached your article limit

In this section, your findings should be the focus, rather than those of other researchers. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. For instance, the sperm whale review could focus on the development of the harpoon for whale hunting.

Step 2: Why do we write literature reviews? How to write a cover letter for a resume for freshers the review Galvan, Should you summarize, synthesize, or critique your sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Consider using a table, matrix or concept map to identify how the different sources relate to each other. Here are a few other sections you might want to consider: How relevant is this article to my specific topic?

Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one's environment is a fundamental need of lifeand suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Or the review might focus on the economic impact of whaling on a community. Consider how you reassemble your notes: This will also help avoid duplication.

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Writing literature reviews: For instance, the review might examine whaling from pre,and Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.

This helps describe and also advance your ideas.

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You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using.

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Checklist for a literature review Have I: This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting. Now what is the most effective way of presenting the information?

The rule I follow is to quote only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making. Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers.

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Clarify If your assignment is not very specific, seek clarification from your instructor: In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period.

However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.

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Hamilton found that people imagined 3. Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself.

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However, French and Haroon found that availability of private areas is not the only aspect of the physical environment that determines residents' autonomy. Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do.

For instance, first you would talk about the British biological studies of the 18th century, then about Moby Dick, published inthen the book on sperm whales in other artand finally the biology articles s and the recent articles on American whaling of the 19th century.

Literature Reviews - The Writing Center

That way you will be better able to identify where you need punctuation marks to signal pauses or divisions within sentences, where you have made grammatical errors, or where your sentences are unclear Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make certain that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts.

A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material.

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Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions.

As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review. The Discussion Section Literature reviews play an important role in the discussion section of a manuscript.

What other sections you include in the body is up to you.

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  • Guidelines for writing a literature review

Literature reviews help you accomplish the following: The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: And depending on the situation, the literature review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant.