Literature review about bullying in school

Literature review about bullying in school.

Furthermore, this type of environment decreases student motivation literature review about bullying in school prevents students from participating and asking questions in class because they are scared of the reaction of their peers.

Bullying Literature Review Essay example

The effect of bullying over the areas of the test is significant and varies between 0. According to Cameron and Trivedithis method is consistent when the instrument is relevant and valid.

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It is important to mention that this method estimates the relationship between the variables at different levels of Saber test scores, presenting a wider picture of the relationship between bullying and academic achievement. Nevertheless, as bullying may depend on the academic achievement of each student, the estimates found may be biased, making it necessary to analyze the effect on individual student results.

However, in the long run the existing differences disappear. Cambridge, MA: Currie, C.

Bullying Literature Review Essay example -- Literature Review

This paper, contributes to the existing literature by analyzing the effect of the school level of bullying on student performance in the short and in the long term. Then, the authors determine that the family has a fundamental impact on student's performance through their beliefs and behavior.

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With regards to the international evidence on this relationship, Roman and Murilloemploy a hierarchical model, finding that aggression in schools has a negative effect on academic achievement in Latin America.

Conclusions The results indicate that for high school students in Colombia, increases in the frequency of bullying negatively affect individual academic performance both in the short and in the long term.

Lastly, this prevention program includes cyber bullying, through phones and internet, as a new type of aggression. In particular, it finds that in the short term, the effect of being bullied is greater for students between the 30 and the 90th percentile of the academic achievement distribution, and in the long run it is higher for those students below the median.

In the long run however, the estimations only control for average income and parental educational by school as there is no individual level information of such variables.

Essay on Bullying Literature Review - Words | Bartleby

Additionally, Nansel et al. This increase in the level of bullying has had negative consequences on students' education and on their quality of life; for instance, Unicef a reports that bullying decreases school attendance rates, contact with peers, and academic achievement while it increases physical injuries and the incidence of depression 3.

  1. Based on the above information, it is possible to establish whether each student was bullied, bullied another, both or neither.
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  5. The Effects of Bullying on Academic Achievement

According to Brown and Taylorreducing the frequency of bullying is fundamental, as it has a negative long-term effect on wages both directly and indirectly through human capital accumulation. These variables are used at the individual level as controls in the short run estimation.

Regarding the additional controls, nor mother's education nor income nor gender affect the level of bullying. Their results are robust to controlling for educational level, previous academic achievement, height, weight and personality characteristics of students as well as household characteristics.

Section VI concludes. The two services included are whether the household has access to electricity and whether it has a phone line. The results suggest that a one standard deviation increase in the within-school level of bullying decreases individual test score by 0. With regard to the extent of bullying in Colombia, Chaux et al.

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Their main result is that an increase in one standard deviation in the level of bullying to which a child is exposed at age 11 increases the likelihood of failing all secondary education examinations by 1. Groups with a higher age standard deviation will have a greater number of students who bully their peers because they are taller or stronger, as well as a larger number of young students who can be easily victimized.

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Content Knowledge Tests: Introduction Schools are critical for individual development, as they are the first place in which children undertake a formal learning process that provides them with basic knowledge and thus enables them to discover and deepen the skill they need to be successful and independent adults.

However, when additional controls such as mother education and average socio-emotional characteristics are included, the effect becomes smaller and statistically insignificant. According to the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program there are nine types of bullying.

The article concludes with a discussion… Literature Review Words 7 Pages behaviour, such as alcohol fuelled violence. Size-bias, sexism, and racism are, unfortunately, fairly common.

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Additionally, it possible to analyze if the relationship between test results and the level of intimidation varies through the distribution of test scores by using quintile regressions. To do so, the authors use information on family background, demographic variables and behavioral variables such as bullying, theft, and physical violence from the Australian Twins Registry.

Regarding the included control variables, average socio-emotional characteristics are taken into account because, according to Chauhan et al. An important result is that aggression, measured by the number of insults they have experienced, the number of times they have been beaten, and the number of times they have been excluded by their classmates, has a positive and significant effect over bullying.

In the case of Colombia, this means that the state test should continue to measure bullying but it should also include each student's individual information in order to match those results with individual test scores.