Method of doing literature review Step-by-step guide

Method of doing literature review. Guidelines for writing a literature review

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The summary effect size is a value that reflects the average magnitude of the intervention effect for a particular outcome of interest or, more generally, the strength of a relationship between two variables across all studies included in the systematic review. Developing a coherent essay Galvan, The review by Gurol-Urganci, de Jongh, Vodopivec-Jamsek, Atun, and Car on the effects of mobile phone messaging reminders for attendance at healthcare appointments is an illustrative example of a high-quality systematic review with meta-analysis.

Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks.

Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach.

Keep track of your searches! Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.

Selecting studies, extracting data, and assessing risk of bias in a duplicate manner using two independent reviewers to avoid random or systematic errors in the process. Researchers are often relatively free to use a diversity of approaches to search, identify, and select relevant scientific articles, describe their operational characteristics, present how the individual studies fit together, and formulate conclusions.

As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.

Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. - Semantic Scholar

As a theory-building approach, a realist review usually starts by articulating likely underlying mechanisms and then scrutinizes available evidence to find out whether and where these mechanisms are applicable Shepperd et al. Therefore, there is a growing need for appraisal and synthesis of prior systematic reviews to ensure that decision-making is constantly informed by the best available accumulated evidence.

Use the bibliographies and references of research studies you find to locate others. Pyrczak Publishing.

What is a literature review?

In recent years, the number of systematic reviews in the field of health informatics has increased considerably. For one thing, reliability is related to the reproducibility of the review process and steps, which is facilitated by a comprehensive documentation of the literature search process, extraction, coding and analysis performed in the review.

Nair, P.

Types of Review Articles and Brief Illustrations EHealth researchers have at their disposal a number of approaches and methods for making sense out of existing literature, all with the purpose of casting current research findings into historical contexts or explaining contradictions that might exist among a set of primary research studies conducted on a particular topic.

If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases.

Therefore, you should conclude the review with a statement of your hypothesis, or focused research question.

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Four inclusion and three exclusion criteria were utilized during the screening process. You do not need to report on every published study in the area of your research topic. All in all, articles met the criteria and their data were extracted manually into a database.

Identify relationships among studies: Many systematic reviews, but not all, use statistical methods to combine the results of independent studies into a single quantitative estimate or summary effect size.

  • The prisma statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions:
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  • Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.

Don't just ignore it. Implementing health information technology in a patient-centered manner: Galvan, J. Kitsiou S. Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.

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Literature search strategies for conducting knowledge-building and theory-generating qualitative systematic reviews. British Medical Journal. To this end, they conducted a comprehensive search on multiple databases using highly sensitive search strategies without language or publication-type restrictions to identify all rct s that are eligible for inclusion. Identify major trends or patterns: It is unrealistic to expect that all these disparate actors will have the time, skills, and necessary resources to identify the available evidence in the area of their expertise and consider it when making decisions.

  • Overall, patterns in research outputs that seem to characterize the historic trends and current components of the field of medical informatics suggest it may be a maturing discipline DeShazo et al.
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As such, reviewers may selectively ignore or limit the attention paid to certain studies in order to make a point. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.


Undertaking a literature review: Meta-analyses are regarded as powerful tools for deriving meaningful conclusions. Umbrella reviews generally adhere to the same principles and rigorous methodological guidelines used in systematic reviews.

Communications of the Association for Information Systems. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. As another methodological contribution, vom Brocke et al. Further, authors of descriptive reviews extract from each study certain characteristics of interest, such as publication year, research methods, data collection techniques, and direction or strength of research outcomes e.

It is our hope how do you write an analytical research paper our descriptive account will serve as a valuable source for those conducting, evaluating or using reviews in this important and growing domain. Consider how you reassemble your notes: Ascribing quality scores to each primary study or considering through domain-based evaluations which study components have or have not been designed and executed appropriately makes it possible to reflect on the extent to which the selected study addresses possible biases and maximizes validity Shea et al.